Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soil in full sun to
part shade. Best flowering occurs in full sun. Adapts to a wide range of soil
conditions, but prefers well-drained loams. Established plants will tolerate
dryish soils. Plants bloom on old growth. Avoid heavy pruning. Prune to shape as
needed in spring after flowering to stimulate growth of flowering spurs which
will improve bloom for the following year (although such pruning will reduce
fruit production for the current year). Promptly remove root suckers to control
‘Texas Scarlet’ is a hybrid flowering quince (C. japonica x C. speciosa)
noted for its tomato red flowers and compact shape. It is a dense,
broad-rounded, deciduous shrub with often-tangled, spiny-tipped twigs. It
typically grows to 3-4’ tall and to 4-5’ wide. Tomato red double flowers (to 2”
diameter) bloom, often in profusion, before the leaves fully unfold in an early
spring bloom. Flowers are followed by hard, yellowish-green fruits (2.5”
quinces) that may acquire red tinges as they mature in autumn. Quinces are
edible, but usually are considered too bitter to be eaten directly from the
shrub. Quinces are sometimes used in preserves and jellies. Oval to oblong,
glossy dark green leaves (to 3.5” long). No fall color.
Susceptible to fungal leaf spot (particularly in years with heavy spring
rainfall) which can cause considerable leaf defoliation. Fireblight and scab can
be problems in some areas. Aphids can cause significant damage to new growth.
Lesser pests include scale and mites. Chlorosis (yellowing of foliage) will
occur in high pH soils. Flower buds are susceptible to significant damage from
early spring frosts.
Hedge. Specimen or group in shrub border or cottage garden. Branches may be
clipped and forced for winter bloom.